Africa > Zambia

Discover Zambia on an African riding adventure

A landlocked country in Southern Africa, Zambia is the land of the legendary African safari, home to Victoria Falls and the Zambezi river. Its raw wilderness provides shelter to an abundance of wildlife and the wide range of outdoor pursuits that are available make this an ideal holiday destination. Join a riding safari in private conservancies and extend your trip with a visit to Vic Falls (and, for the brave, a plunge into the Devil’s pool!) or a paddle down the Zambezi… To name just a few options. Blessed with vast open spaces and relatively unspoiled by mass tourism, Zambia offers an authentic immersion into “real Africa”.
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Visa & Health


All visitors to Zambia fall within one of the three (3) distinct categories:


Nationals who do not require visas in order to enter Zambia

- Nationals of the countries listed do not require visas to enter Zambia. However, they must be in possession of valid return air tickets or be able to show enough funds for their stay in and departure from Zambia. South African nationals currently do not need a visa to enter Zambia for up to 30 days.

Nationals requiring visas on arrival

- Nationals of the countries listed can get visas to Zambia on arrival. They can also apply for an evisa from the

eServices portal


Nationals required to apply for visas prior their travel to Zambia

. Zambian entry visas for nationals whose countries fall under this category require advance clearance by the Zambian Authorities. Applications for visas for this category must be made online through the

eServices portal


Single, double and multiple-entry visas will be valid for 90 days from the date of first issue, with the exception of nationals of the US, whose multiple-entry visas are valid for three years, on a mutually agreed reciprocal basis.

If you are planning on visiting both Zimbabwe and Zambia, the KAZA UNIVISA is the most economical option. The fee is US$ 50 per person and allows tourists to obtain one visa to visit both countries multiple times. Please verify if you qualify for a KAZA UNIVISA



The visa is valid up to 30 days in any given period of 12 months, as long as the holder remains within Zambia and Zimbabwe. It also covers those returning to Zambia and Zimbabwe who visit Botswana for a Chobe Day Trip through Kazungula Border - but please note that an entry visa may apply for Botswana. Please verify if you require an entry visa for Botswana






Travellers should ideally arrange an appointment with their GP around five weeks before travelling. This appointment provides an opportunity to assess health risks taking into account a number of factors including destination, medical history, and planned activities. Your healthcare provider may also give you advice regarding food and water precautions. For those with pre-existing health problems, an earlier appointment is recommended.
Make sure to acquire appropriate travel insurance before you go.
Some prescribed and over the counter medicines available in your country may be considered controlled substances in Zambia and can’t be brought into the country without prior permission from Zambia’s Ministry of Health; if you arrive in Zambia without this permission and the required documentation, the medication will not be allowed in the country and you may be prosecuted under Zambian law; if you are travelling with prescription medication make sure to carry a medical certificate from your doctor confirming that the medication has been prescribed for a certain medical condition.
Medications containing diphenhydramine are regulated in Zambia.
The standard of medical facilities in Zambia is poor, especially in rural areas, usually medical supplies are limited and some prescription medicines may not be available. Know your blood type. Carry a sterile medical kit, including needles and dressings.
It’s important to know that most doctors and hospitals require up-front cash payment so make to have accessible funds to cover the cost of any medical treatment.
In case of an emergency, dial 999 and ask for an ambulance. You should contact your travel company and your insurance assistance company promptly if you are referred to a medical facility for treatment.

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In Zambia, power sockets provide a standard voltage of 230V with a standard frequency of 50Hz. The three usual plug types are C, D, and G. Taking a plug adaptor is advised.

Budget and money

The currency used in Zambia is the Zambian kwacha. It is divided into 100 ngwee.

Telephone and jetlag

Time zone: GMT +2
Phone code: +260

Country information

Country ID

Official Name: Republic of Zambia
Capital: Lusaka
Surface: 752,617 km2
Population: Total of 17,351,708 habitants in 2018
Ethnicities: About 90% of the population fall into 9 major ethno linguistic groups: the Nyanja-Chewa, Bemba, Tonga, Tumbuka, Lunda, Luvale, Kaonde, Nkoya, and Lozi.
Language: English (official language), Bemba, Nyanja, among others.
Politics: Unitary presidential republic
President: Hakainde Hichilema


GDP: $75.857 billion
GDP per capita: $4,148
Main sectors of activity: copper mining and processing, construction, chemicals, textiles, among others.


Zambia takes its name from the Zambezi River, which rises in the north-west corner of the country and forms its southern boundary.
Zambia’s 752,000 square kilometres and it consists for the most part of a high plateau, with an average height of between 1060 and 1363 meters above sea level. Isolated mountain ridges rise to more than 1830 meters with an occasional peak above 2130 meters on the eastern border, called Nyika Plateau. Most of the country the surface tends to be flat, broken by small hills, the result of countless ages of undisturbed erosion of the underlying crystalline rocks.
With the exception of the Northern and Luapula Provinces which are part of the Congo DR basin, Zambia lies on the watershed between the Congo DR and Zambezi River systems. The three great natural lakes of the country, Bangweulu, Mweru and the southern end of Lake Tanganyika are all in the north and are part of the headwaters of the Zaire River. Lake Tanganyika is the second deepest natural lake in the world.

Zambia is one of the most highly urbanized countries in sub-Saharan Africa, with 44% of the population concentrated along the major transport corridors, while rural areas are sparsely populated.

People, culture and traditions

Although Zambia has less than 15 million habitants, it comprises a very broad and diverse group of races and ethnicities – around 73 distinct ethnic groups can be identified most oh which are Bantu-speaking. Zambia is also home to a small yet thriving Asian community, predominantly of Indian and Chinese origin.
This broad variety makes Zambia home to a vibrant mix of cultures, traditions, and people.
Zambia is one of the most highly urbanized countries in sub-Saharan Africa, with 44% of the population concentrated along the major transport corridors, while rural areas are sparsely populated.
There are more than 20 annual traditional ceremonies in Zambia, manifesting customs, social life, rituals, oral history, material and spiritual culture. One of the most famous occurs as the flood plain in the Upper Zambezi Valley rises, at the end of the rainy season (any time from February to May), a very famous festival called Kuomboka takes place. This festival celebrates the paddle from Lealui, the dry season settlement of the Litunga (Lozi king), to Limulunga the wet season settlement on higher ground. The Litunga travels on the Nalikwanda, a huge wooden canoe painted with black and white stripe. This canoe is paddled by around one hundred people, if not more. Each paddler wears a headdress of a scarlet beret with a piece of lion’s mane and a knee-length skirt of animal skins. The journey is characterized by ululating and by the sounds of the royal drum.
An interesting fact about this festival is that it has no set date as it is the Litunga that decides when the transition should occur. To declare his intent, he drums on the Maoma drums. This is to let the people know that the move is imminent and also to alert the royal paddlers to gather and prepare for the journey.
Aside from the very rich culture and traditions, Zambia is a place charged with amazing biodiversity, especially when it comes to birdlife.
To a large extent Zambia’s avifauna is that of the Central African Plateau. The vegetation is mainly miombo woodland, bisected by grassy dambos along drainage lines. In some areas the miombo woodland is replaced by other woodland types, dry forest or thicket. Along watercourses there may be riparian forest, or in wetter areas in the north, wet evergreen forest.
You may see species like the Shoebill, the Papyrus Yellow Warbler, the Great Snipe, and many others as so far 740 species have been recorded here.